Linen is one of the earliest products known to civilization. It is a woven fabric made from the fibers found in the stems of flax plants.
Linen textiles history goes back many thousands of years. Fragments of straw, seeds, fibers, yarns, and various types of fabrics dating to about 8000 BC have been found in Swiss lake dwellings. Dyed flax fibers found in a prehistoric cave in Georgia suggest the use of woven linen fabrics from wild flax may date back even earlier to 36,000 BC.
Today’s linen is usually an expensive textile produced in relatively small quantities.
Turned into a multitude of household things, flax possesses important, truly exceptional properties that explain why things made of it enjoy such popularity:
An important property of linen is its spectacular durability and long life. The tensile strength of linen thread is twice as high as that of cotton and three times that of wool.
Heat conductivity refers to the extent to which heat can be conveyed through a fiber. Heat conductivity of linen is 5 times as high as that of wool and 19 times as that of silk. In hot weather those dressed in linen clothes are found to show the skin temperature 3°-4°C below that of their silk or cotton-wearing friends. According to some studies, a person wearing linen clothes perspires 1.5 times less than when dressed in cotton clothes and twice less than when dressed in viscose clothes. Meanwhile in cold weather linen is an ideal warmth-keeper.
Absorbency refers to the extent to which moisture can penetrate into a fiber. Linen fiber absorbs moisture and dries more quickly. It evaporates water as quickly as the pond surface. It has been established that before giving a feeling of being wet, linen cloth can absorb as much as 20% of its dry weight. That explains why linen cloth always feels fresh and cool.
Flax cell is highly compatible with the human cell thereby producing a benevolent effect on the human body. The human cell is capable to completely dissolve the flax cell. That is why flax fabric appears to be the only natural material applied in surgery for internal sutures;
Linen used as bed linen reduces fatigue and lifts spirits. According to medical studies conducted by Japanese researchers, bed-ridden patients do not develop bedsores where linen bed sheets are used.
Used as bed linen it reduces fatigue and lifts spirits.
Wearing linen clothes helps to get rid of some skin diseases - from common rash to chronic eczemas.
Linen cloth does not accumulate static electricity - therefore linen does attract dust and therefore no kind of allergic reactions are caused using linen.
Linen is effective in dealing with inflammatory conditions, reducing fever, regulating air ventilation, in some neurological ailments.
Linen reduces gamma radiation nearly by half and protects the human organism against solar radiation. Flax fiber from contaminated soils appears not to exhibit even traces of radiation.
Linen is a comfortable fabric. Being a natural vegetable fiber it has huge amount of air porosity holes, which make the linen clothes very comfortable to wear.
The linen fabric has a crisp feel with a distinctive outlook and feel. Linen possesses a natural crispness when ironed damp. Hence it does not require starching, and has a natural luster.
Caring for linen:
Linen clothing can be washed in the laundry machine in cold and warm water and then air dried.
Linen and linen-containing articles (bedding, tablecloths, towels, napkins etc.) are easily laundered in hot water, besides they may be hot-ironed thereby ensuring maximum sterilization;
The more linen is washed the softer and smoother it becomes.
Never tumble-dry linen as this can over-dry the fibers and makes ironing more difficult. Always iron linen when damp, first on the wrong side to eliminate creases and then on the right side if you wish to enhance the fabric natural sheen.
Linen is one of the few fabrics that actually get better with age. It becomes softer, smoother, and more lustrous. Lasting to 12 times as long as cotton, linen regularly passes from generation to generation.
When you choose linen, you help the environment as linen requires five times less pesticides and fertilizers than cotton.
Linen fiber being completely natural product is totally biodegradable and recyclable.
Linen is beautiful natural fabric which comes with charming creasing adding to linen truly natural look and feel.
Linen is cool and fresh in summer.
Linen is cozy and warm in winter.
Linen is skin friendly all year around.